« The emergence of monogamous marriage is also puzzling for some as the very people who most benefit from polygyny — wealthy, powerful men — were best positioned to reject it, » says Henrich, lead author of the study that was recently published in the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society.
« Our findings suggest that institutionalized monogamous marriage provides greater net benefits for society at large by reducing social problems that are inherent in polygynous societies.
« Our goal was to understand why monogamous marriage has become standard in most developed nations in recent centuries, when most recorded cultures have practiced polygyny, » says UBC Prof.
Joseph Henrich, a cultural anthropologist, referring to the form of polygamy that permits multiple wives, which continues to be practiced in some parts of Africa, Asia, the Middle East and North America.
Note: Materials may be edited for content and length. There he ends up marrying Laban’s two daughters, Leah and Rachel, as well as their two handmaidens, Bilhah and Zilpah.
But he only married Leah because he was tricked into it, and as verse records, Leah was hated.
By shifting male efforts from seeking wives to paternal investment, institutionalized monogamy increases long-term planning, economic productivity, savings and child investment, the study finds. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 2012; 367 (1589): 657 DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2011.0290 Voir aussi: Biblical Polygamy Does Not Turn out Well Curated by Mike Schultz Though polygamy is clearly allowed in the Bible, it almost always leads to really bad situations.
Monogamous marriage also results in significant improvements in child welfare, including lower rates of child neglect, abuse, accidental death, homicide and intra-household conflict, the study finds. The study suggests that institutionalized monogamous marriage is rapidly replacing polygamy because it has lower levels of inherent social problems.
These benefits result from greater levels of parental investment, smaller households and increased direct « blood relatedness » in monogamous family households, says Henrich, who served as an expert witness for British Columbia’s Supreme Court case involving the polygamous community of Bountiful, B. Monogamous marriage has largely preceded democracy and voting rights for women in the nations where it has been institutionalized, says Henrich, the Canadian Research Chair in Culture, Cognition and Evolution in UBC’s Depts. By decreasing competition for younger and younger brides, monogamous marriage increases the age of first marriage for females, decreases the spousal age gap and elevates female influence in household decisions which decreases total fertility and increases gender equality. « Our goal was to understand why monogamous marriage has become standard in most developed nations in recent centuries, when most recorded cultures have practiced polygyny, » says UBC Prof.
Et démontré enfin avec la monogamie tout le bien-fondé d’une singularité judéo-chrétienne que nos élites s’étaient imposées contre leurs intérêts immédiats mêmes …
Nos sociétés dites avancées n’ont pas de mots plus durs pour la source de leurs avancées …